|Type||Compiled language||Interpreted language|
|Usage||Used for server-side and desktop applications||Primarily used for web development|
|Runtime||Requires Java Virtual Machine (JVM)||Executes directly in web browsers|
|Syntax||C-like syntax with strict rules||Similar to C with some differences|
|Platform||Cross-platform||Primarily runs in web browsers|
|Compilation||Compiled to bytecode for the JVM||Interpreted line by line in browsers|
|Object-Oriented||Strongly adheres to OOP principles||Primarily follows OOP principles|
|Typing||Statically typed||Dynamically typed|
|Memory Management||Handles memory automatically with garbage collection||Limited memory management, can lead to memory leaks|
|Concurrency||Supports multi-threading and concurrency||Supports asynchronous programming|
|Use Cases||Desktop applications, server applications, Android development||Web development, browser interactions|
|Libraries||Rich set of libraries and APIs||Browser-based APIs and libraries|
|Development||Longer development cycles, compiled||Faster development cycles, interpreted|
|Tooling||Rich development environment||Integrated with browsers and text editors|
|Examples||Android apps, enterprise applications||Web interactivity, dynamic content|
|Frontend vs Backend||Primarily used for backend development||Primarily used for frontend development|
|Concurrency Model||Threads and synchronization mechanisms||Event-driven, callback-based|
|Inheritance||Supports single class inheritance||Supports prototype-based inheritance|
|Error Handling||Uses explicit exceptions||Uses try-catch blocks for exceptions|
|Learning Curve||Can have a steeper learning curve||Generally easier for beginners|
|Community & Ecosystem||Large community and ecosystem||Large and active web development community|
|Update Cycle||Releases new versions regularly||Evolves more informally, ECMAScript standards|
|Examples||Java applications, Android apps||Web interactivity, dynamic content|
What is Java?
Java is a programming language that was invented in 1991 by Sun Microsystems. It got widespread adoption when the Android operating system was developed. We use Java to create applications for a variety of different platforms, like computers, mobile devices, and embedded devices.
Here are some important key points about Java:
Which one you should use will depend on your specific project and your team’s preferences. As with any other programming language, you’ll find that one provides more utility than the other. In the end, it will come down to your own experience and expertise.
Java is a powerful general-purpose programming language that has stood the test of time. It runs on any platform and can be used to develop Android apps, among other things.